Indian Literature

Wednesday, January 19, 2005

Introduction

Have you ever wanted to learn a different culture's literature? Well here is your chance to learn about Indian Literature. We will tell you about the history of the Indian Literature, give you information on a story plus we will give you background on the author.

World Literature is a great class if you are interested in history and like English class. You get to study the culture of other societies. But if you are a person that doesn't like studying the history of cultures then we would not recommend the class. But we think it is a great class to prepare you for college. You read some books that will help you in college and you might even run across them again. If you are going to go into the teaching field, especially to teach English, then we think it is a must to take it!

We picked the Indian culture because we like how they have fables using animals. They make the animals have human characteristics. You could change any of the fables into human stories if you wanted. We like the Indian Literature because they teach you a lesson and can help you learn what to do when you come into a bad situation. They even give you hope. Especially if, in your society, you are at the bottom of the pyramid, it shows you that you have a chance to be something.




Tuesday, January 18, 2005

History

The Indian culture has provided a lot to world’s culture today. Indians helped create mathematics and medicines, painted sculptures and created the Sanskrit language. Sanskrit is viewed as the most perfect language and is considered to be holy. Philosophers memorized entire text and thought it to their students; the students memorized all 1,028 hymns. Indian Literature is about 3,500 years old and inspired American writers. Indians studied three different kinds of religion, some studied Hinduism, some studied Buddhism and others studied Sikhism. Literature and Religion were always kept separate.

The author of the Panchatantra is un-known but most people believe it is Bidpai or Vishnusharman. Bidpai is first mentioned in the Arabic version of these stories, and the stories are sometimes called the stories of Bidpai. Some stories say Vishnusharman created some of the stories, but we think he is one man that is responsible for teaching these stories.

The Panchatantra is a book of about eighty-seven stories. It is believed to be written between 200 B.C. and 500 A.D. There are many different languages in the Panchatantra. The stories in the Panchatantra were influenced by many different cultures. The animal fables and magic tales were used to teach young royalty moral lessons.

Monday, January 17, 2005

Summary

The Panchatantra is one of India’s most influential contributions to world literature. The Panchatantra is made up of five books that contain about 87 magic tales and animal fables. The supposed author, Bidpal, compiled the stories of the Panchatantra around 500 AD. The animal fable and magic tales were created to educate sons of royalty.

Sunday, January 16, 2005

Literary Analysis-Lindsay

The Panchatantra consists of five books of animal fables and magic tales. These 87 stories were created between the third and fifth century A.D. Many of these stories use animals to teach moral lessons. Nobody is sure of the author of the collection of the Panchatantra stories. The Indians relied on the fables old the Panchatantra to teach politics to young royalty.

The collection of Panchatantra is very old. The exact date of its origin is not known. We can estimate that it was written between 200 B.C. and 500 A.D. There are many different languages. The Panchatantra stories were influenced by many different cultures.

The Indians use animal stories to teach moral lessons. The most popular collection today is the Aesop’s Fables. These stories are part of a tradition in India. Another group of people that use animal stories in their culture is Buddhists. The Buddhists use the fables to emphasize the importance of compassion and respect.

Little is known about the author of the Panchatantra. The stories, do however tell us that the man’s name was Vishmusharman. This man was responsible for teaching the royal children. The story also tells us that the man worshiped the god Vishnu. No other information is known about Vishmusharman.

The Panchatantra are books of animal fables. The exact origin of these stories are estimated to be between 200 B.C. and 500 A.D. The Panchatantra stories were used to teach moral lessons to Indian royalty. We are not sure of the author of the Panchatantra, but we might know. The main purpose of the Panchatantra fables are to educate Indian royalty.

Saturday, January 15, 2005

Literary Analysis-Ashley

"I can kill even a lion." Numskull and the Rabbit comes from the Panchatantra. It was translated by Arthur W. Ryder so we can read it in English. The Numskull and the Rabbit is a fable about a lion that is the "king" of the kingdom and a rabbit that is one of the subjects. In this fable it writes about Rabbit trying to overcome a lion. The themes, I believe, are courage, selfishness, and sacrifice.

Courage is shown by Rabbit. He has the guts to stand up to the lion, to plan a trick on the lion, and face him. He had to have had so much courage to be the only one in so long that wasn't scared. He knew exactly what to do and he did it. Especially knowing that the lion could beat him, and is much bigger and stronger than Rabbit. Also, knowing if he came tardy to dinner, Numskull said he would destroy every species the next day.

Selfishness is shown by Numskull. He thinks because of being king of the kingdom, he can go day by day eating an animals everyday for lunch. Not caring who the animal is, where he stands, or what his story is. The lion could easily find a subject to go hunt for food or gather food. But instead he knows that there will be an animal there everyday for lunch, for him.

Sacrifice is shown by Rabbit. Rabbit sacrifices his life for the kingdom. Says it is his turn to go, and he goes. He knows there are so many things that Numskull could do to him, but he does it anyway. Also, knowing that if at any moment, he makes Numskull mad, or something in his plan goes wrong, he could die.

Rabbit is truly a hero of the fable. He shows courage and he sacrifices himself for everyone else. Numskull is great for showing selfishness. So if you were to be a character in this fable, who would you be? Are you a selfish person, or more giving? I think this fable gives you a great lesson and really makes you think how you live your life.


Friday, January 14, 2005

Conclusion

Studying world literature is a great thing. You can gain so much from it. In the class you write, read, answer questions, do group discussions, and have to do critical thinking on stories to see if you understand them. It will help prepare you for college so you learn how to read faster and interprate a reading from another culture. Some advice for a student that will be taking world literature in the future or is taking right now is to read. Reading is very important! If you get behind on the reading, you will be behind in class. You won't know where the teacher is at during class and most likely not be able to answer questions. You also have to watch out for the pop quizes. But if you pay attention during class you will realize that almost everytime she is planning on giving you a pop quiz over the reading she will tell you about it the day before. Things you can learn from Indian literature is the history of the language, some words that the Indian culture used many years ago, and you get to write a fable. World literature, we are sure, will teach you many things, just like it did for us.

Wednesday, January 12, 2005

Grade Justification-Ashley

I think I deserve an "A" for this project. I made sure I was listening during class on how to make the website and what was expected from us. While we were in the lab I used all the time to the fullest to make sure I would get this done and make it the best I could. I also came into the lab during study hall to work on it and took time at home to get it done. I also believe I showed great team work. We always made sure we were on the same page, made the work even, helped each other, and took time out of class to work on the website together.